Recycling policy for battery waste products in various countries around the world

Everyone knows that improper handling of electronic waste is very harmful to people and the environment. Let us now look at how countries around the world deal with used battery products.
China: The Waste Battery Pollution Prevention and Control Technology issued in 2003 stipulates that the recycling of waste primary batteries should be carried out cautiously by the recycling responsible unit. At present, in the absence of effective recycling of technical and economic conditions, the lack of effective recycling of used batteries mechanism, although the promotion of waste sorting, waste battery classification, but there are still many problems in the actual operation, the country should introduce some active recycling policies.
France: All electronic and electrical appliance sellers must not reject similar waste electrical and electronic products returned by customers when selling new products, and the manufacturer must be responsible for properly handling these used electronic appliances. The electronic and electrical waste involved is divided into three categories, namely household appliances, audio-visual equipment and electronic office equipment. Any equipment that needs electricity, batteries or batteries to operate must be recycled.
EU: It is the earliest area to pay attention to battery recycling and measures. Since the beginning of the 1990s, it has enacted the "Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Products Management" and the "Prohibition of the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products". Last year, the battery recycling law was passed, requiring member states to introduce their own laws within two years to teach consumers how to recycle.
Germany: Only batteries marked “can be recycled” and scrapped date can be sold on the market. Consumers can deliver used types of batteries to stores and waste recycling stations, where they are unconditionally received and then transferred to The treatment plant performs harmless treatment. In the case of traditional household appliances, the refrigerators and air conditioners are first collected. Because the refrigeration components are very polluted by the environment, they must be properly disposed of. Secondly, household appliances such as TVs and computers will be sent to professional recycling companies. Because they contain a lot of heavy metals and toxic substances, they will be treated environmentally and then recycled.
Netherlands: As early as January 1995, there were regulations in the country where mobile phone battery manufacturers and importers were fully responsible for collecting and processing the products they operated.
Denmark, Sweden: All battery retailers are required to recycle used batteries and impose a special sales tax on battery sales. Depending on the type of battery, the special tax rate is 6% to 8%. The government uses the taxes collected to cover the cost of recycling, transporting and disposing of these batteries. According to statistics, the recovery rate of old batteries and mobile phone batteries in Sweden has reached 95%, and more than 75% in Denmark.
United States: There is no national uniform law, but many states and cities already have relevant legislation. Among them, California and New York City are pioneers in the recovery of batteries such as lithium ions in the United States. New York requires all retailers selling rechargeable batteries to fully cover recycling efforts.
UK: The UK is a relatively late starter in the EU for the mobile phone recycling industry. The UK's recycling bins at mobile phone retailers are covered with waterproof boxes that can be placed indoors or in the open air, making them ideal for foggy and rainy weather in the UK. The United Kingdom also requires consumers to wrap old cell phone batteries in water-tight plastic and send them to recycling to prevent accidental leakage of toxic substances in the middle.
Japan: In addition to legislation, some positive recycling policies have been adopted. At present, 84% of the batteries in Japan are recycled (by sales weight ratio). The recycling method is to distribute recycling cartons and recycling bags in more than 20,000 stores. And there is a draw tour accordingly.
In summary, CIAPS Xiaobian believes that we can also learn from foreign countries' disposal policies for used batteries, so that everyone can take action and establish our own good environment.

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